Here is the list of the Egyptian Dynasties and their Pharaohs (the dates vary from source to source, I am using the list as can be found in M. Rice Who’s Who in Ancient Egypt as well as the short descriptions):

1650 – 1550 B.C. The Second Intermediate Period (AKA the Hyksos Period)

1650 – 1550 B.C. Dynasty XV

1650 B.C. Salitis was amongst the original Hyksos that entered Egypt during the thirteenth century. He was chosen by the other leaders and thus became the first king of the fifteenth dynasty that ruled over the Delta. He established his capital in Avaris, which became the seat of the Hyksos kings.

Yaqub-Hor was the successor of Salitis. He reigned for about eighteen years, which was marked with the good relations that he had kept with the rulers of Thebes, the founders of the seventeenth dynasty.

Khayan was one of the more successful Hyksos kings, he succeeded in retaining a good relationship with many of Egypt’s contemporaries in the Middle East. He did not succeed in retaining Nubia under Egypt’s power, for around this time Nubia had it own kingship.

Apepi I is considered one of the most successful Hyksos kings, he reigned for about forty years and he embraced the Egyptian way of life. He was also a patron of the arts and of learning. It is possible that one of his daughters married a Theban prince, thus he is an ancestor of the seventeenth dynasty which would eventually kick out the Hyksos from Egypt. By the time this happened, Apepi was already an old man.

Apepi II took over after the death of Apep I, however, his reign was very short and meaningless.

1650 – 1550 B.C. Dynasty XVI


1650 – 1550 B.C. Dynasty XVII

1650 B.C. Rahotep While the Delta was being controlled by the Hyksos, in Thebes a line of princes took control, the first of whom was Rahotep who claimed that he was a direct descendant of the thirteenth dynasty. He ruled over most of the south, and seemed to be with good relations with his opposite in the Delta, Yaqub-Hor.

Inyotef VI was the successor of Rahotep in Thebes. All that is left of him are two coffins.

Relief of Sobekemsaf II at the Temple of Monthu at Medamud.

1600 B.C. Sobekemsaf II, though little is known of him, it would appear that he was considered great by his contemporaries and had reigned in Thebes for seventeen years.






Userenre was an obscure king that succeeded in reigning over the south of Egypt for twelve years.

The wooden coffin of Inyotef VII

Inyotef VII seems to have been one of the more efficient Theban rulers. He built extensively and had a reputation of a warrior, but he seemed to keep peaceful relations with the Hyksos kings in the north.





1570 B.C. Senakhenre Tao I married the queen Tetisheri, one of the more formidable women who succeeded in dominating Egyptian politics at the end of the seventeenth dynasty. Their son, Seqenere Tao II began the process of expelling the Hyksos.

The mummified head of Tao II, with the wounds he sustained during battle

1560 B.C Seqenere Tao II was the son of Tao II and the father of Kamose and Ahmose, and was therefore was revered as one of the ancestors of the eighteenth dynasty. He died on a campaign against the Hyksos, the terrible wounds that he received are still visible on his mummy that was found in Dier El-Bahri.




 1555 – 1550 B.C. Kamose succeeded his father, Tao II, after the latter was killed in a battle against the Hyksos. He spent his reign battling against the Hyksos to kick them out of Egypt entirely. His reign though, was very brief and he was succeeded by his brother, Ahmose, who completed the work of his father and brother and expelled the Hyksos once and for all.


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